The first expedition to Peninsula Mitre was launched and completed thirty years ago and it identified the need to protect it. The different bills that were presented have been changing over time; however, they all share the same spirit of conservation and the purpose of designating this place as a protected natural area. The peninsula is a site of exceptional natural significance: within both the terrestrial and marine areas, vulnerable and endangered species live and feed such as the southern river otter, the humpback whale and the common steamer duck. This explosion of life turns this area into one of the last pristine places on Earth, deserving to be forever protected.
The legal protection of Peninsula Mitre is a lighthouse of hope within the global context of climate crisis and species extinction. Not only is it a refuge for a large array of species but also, because of the great extension of the peatlands, it is the most important carbon sink in Argentina.
Up to now, both natural values and archeological remains found in Peninsula Mitre have been largely preserved; yet, the area faces new challenges such as theft or pressure by exotic species and especially the consequences of an economy of exploitation and extraction, jeopardizing the very components which make it a unique and exceptional natural area.
Tourism in Tierra del Fuego is deeply related to the values of nature of the province. It is a development matrix of infinite projection and with the capacity to create a positive impact on the local people through the creation of employment opportunities. Nature tourism is the engine of a sustainable economy and, in turn, it is rooted in the process of site conservation.